Use the right verb forms to complete the sentences and write them down.
2)We (play) snowballs as soon as there (be) a lot of snow.
3)After my mother (iron) the new dress, I (wear) it.
4)If she (do) everything right, nothing dangerous (happen).
5)As soon as autumn (come), it (rain) a lot.
6)If Bob (train) a lot, he (win) the game.
7)Nick (put) on his pyjamas before he (go) to bed.
8)Mary (sing) the song after she (remember) the words.
9)If Ben (become) rich, he (buy) a new house.
10)As soon as father (come) home, he (take) off his raincoat.

Use the right verb forms to complete the sentences and write them down. 
2)We will play snowballs as soon as there is a lot of snow. 
3)After my mother irons the new dress, I will wear it.
4)If she does everything right, nothing dangerous will happen.
5)As soon as autumn comes, it will rain a lot. 
6)If Bob trains a lot, he will win the game. 
7)Nick will put on his pajamas before he goes to bed. 
8)Mary will sing the song after she remembers the words. 
9)If Ben becomes rich, he will buy a new house. 
10)As soon as father comes home, he will take off his raincoat.

Complete the sentences using the missing words: up, after, forward to, for, through.
Look ….the baby while I’m out.
If you look …. it carefully, you’ll see the mark.
The schoolchildren always look … the holidays.
I’ve been looking …. my glasses for a half an hour.
He looked …. the book to see if he had read it before.
Why are you here? Tom is looking …. you downstairs.
Don’t worry! The children will be looked….
He looked …. me for a few moments and then smiled.
He asked me to look …. the document.
I am looking …. your letter.

Look after the baby while I’m out.
If you look at it carefully, you’ll see the mark.
The schoolchildren always look forward to the holidays.
I’ve been looking for my glasses for a half an hour.
He looked through the book to see if he had read it before.
Why are you here? Tom is looking for you downstairs.
Don’t worry! The children will be looked after.
He looked at me for a few moments and then smiled.
He asked me to look through the document.
I am looking through your letter.

Complete the sentences. Use the past simple passive form of the verbs in brackets. 1 The plane was struck (strike) by lightning, but managed to land safely. 2 The centre of the town (destroy by the hurricane. 3 The couple. (rescue) from the roof of their house. 4 Part of the school. (rebuilt) after being damaged by the high winds. 5 our house.(not damage) by the thunderstorm. 6 Much of the city.(flood) after days of heavy rain.


Закончите предложения. Используйте прошлую простую пассивную форму глаголов в скобках. 1 самолет был поражен молнией, но успел благополучно приземлиться. 2 центр города (разрушают ураганом. 3 пары. (спасение) с крыши их дома. 4 часть школы. (восстановленный) после быть поврежденным сильными ветрами. 5 наш дом. (не повреждение) грозой. 6 большая часть города. (наводнение) после дней сильного дождя.

VIOLENCE BREEDS VIOLENCE
Nowadays the number of crimes involving violence is growing in almost all countries in the world. The main cause of this development is undoubtedly the use of drugs especially in large cities. The higher rate of unemployment and growing racism are significant reasons too. Meaningless murders and assaults are the frightening results. Nowadays we can see how people not only in countries like the United States, but also in countries like Sweden, arm themselves with weapons for protection, but violence breeds violence.
It is often claimed that an efficient way to lower the number of acts of violence is to have more sever sentences. However, people who commit these crimes often have serious social and psychological problems. Many of them may therefore be indifferent to how severe the sentences are. Besides, these criminals do not think that they will ever get caught. Because of these reasons, there is a doubt that acts of violence will decrease if the governments make the sentences for this type of crime more severe.
A common measure to reduce the acts of violence is to increase the number of policemen patrolling the streets. Although this is a good way of preventing acts of violence, it will not actually stop people from becoming criminals.
Some people are convinced that it is impossible to erase the violence related criminality completely, but there is a way in which it can be reduced considerably. Children should be informed about crimes related to violence and drugs. This information should be given in kindergarten as well as in elementary school. Furthermore, it should especially reach those children who live in areas with high crime rates. The information should take the form of a discussion, not a lecture, led by some expert, preferably a local police officer.
Hopefully, the children would then at an early age already have some understanding of these problems that would be valuable to them for the rest of their lives. Although the costs for such a project would be considerable, the benefits would be great. It would certainly prevent many from becoming violent criminals in the future.
1. Mark the sentences as True or False according to the text. Correct the false ones.
1) Nowadays the number of crimes involving violence is growing in America.
2) The higher rate of unemployment and growing racism are significant reasons of crimes.
3) People who commit these crimes often have serious financial problems.
4) An efficient way to lower the number of acts of violence is to show criminals on TV.
5) A common measure to reduce the acts of violence is to increase the number of policemen with dogs.
6) Children should be informed about toy sales.
7) The information should especially reach those children who live in areas with high crime rates.
2. Answer the following questions:
1. What type of crime is growing all over the world?
2. What are the main causes of crime?
3. Why do people arm themselves?
4. What can be helpful in reducing crimes?
5. What can the government do to decrease acts of violence?
6. What can probably prevent criminals from committing crimes?
7. What should children be informed about?
8. How should information about crime be presented?
9. What results can such discussions give?
10. Would it prevent many from becoming violent

НАСИЛИЕ ПОРОЖДАЕТ НАСИЛИЕ
В настоящее время количество преступлений с применением насилия растет почти во всех странах мира. Основной причиной этого развития, несомненно, является использование наркотиков, особенно в крупных городах. Более высокий уровень безработицы и растущий расизм также являются значительными причинами. Бессмысленные убийства и нападения-пугающие результаты. Сегодня мы можем видеть, как люди не только в таких странах, как Соединенные Штаты, но и в таких странах, как Швеция, вооружаются оружием для защиты, но насилие порождает насилие.
Часто утверждается, что эффективный способ снижения числа актов насилия заключается в более строгом отбывании наказания. Однако у людей, совершающих эти преступления, часто возникают серьезные социально-психологические проблемы. Поэтому многие из них могут быть безразличны к тому, насколько суровы приговоры. Кроме того, эти преступники не думают, что их когда-нибудь поймают. Из-за этих причин есть сомнения в том, что акты насилия уменьшатся, если правительства сделают приговоры за этот вид преступления более суровыми.
Общей мерой по сокращению числа актов насилия является увеличение числа полицейских, патрулирующих улицы. Хотя это хороший способ предотвращения актов насилия, на самом деле это не помешает людям стать преступниками.
Некоторые люди убеждены, что невозможно полностью стереть преступность, связанную с насилием, но есть способ, с помощью которого ее можно значительно сократить. Детей следует информировать о преступлениях, связанных с насилием и наркотиками. Эта информация должна быть предоставлена в детском саду, а также в начальной школе. Кроме того, она должна охватывать прежде всего тех детей, которые живут в районах с высоким уровнем преступности. Информация должна иметь форму обсуждения, а не лекции, которую должен вести какой-то эксперт, предпочтительно местный полицейский.
Надеюсь, что дети тогда в раннем возрасте уже имеют некоторое представление об этих проблемах, которые будут ценны для них на всю оставшуюся жизнь. Хотя затраты на такой проект будут значительными, выгоды будут значительными. Это, безусловно, помешает многим стать насильственными преступниками в будущем.
1. Отметьте предложения как истинные или ложные в соответствии с текстом. Исправьте ложные.
1) В настоящее время в Америке растет число преступлений, связанных с насилием.
2) более высокий уровень безработицы и растущий расизм являются существенными причинами преступлений.
3) люди, которые совершают эти преступления часто имеют серьезные финансовые проблемы.
4) эффективный способ уменьшить количество актов насилия-показать преступников по телевизору.
5) общей мерой по сокращению числа актов насилия является увеличение числа полицейских с собаками.
6) дети должны быть проинформированы о продаже игрушек.
7) информация должна быть особенно распространена среди детей, проживающих в районах с высоким уровнем преступности.
2. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:
1. Какой тип преступности растет во всем мире?
2. Каковы основные причины преступности?
3. Почему люди вооружаются?
4. Что может быть полезным в сокращении преступлений?
5. Что может сделать правительство для уменьшения числа актов насилия?
6. Что, вероятно, может помешать преступникам совершать преступления?
7. О чем следует информировать детей?
8. Как должна быть представлена информация о преступности?
9. Какие результаты могут дать такие дискуссии?
10. Помешает ли это многим стать жестокими

ПЕРЕВОД НЕ НУЖЕН
Fill in the blanks with a suitable word in the correct form.
to avoid, aware, to betray, confidence, confident, defeat, to elect, to escape, favour, to influence, keen, to owe, selfish, sincere, sincerity, to struggle, to support, support, to trust, trust, to vote.
1. All the committee members. in favour of the proposal. 2. There was no reason to doubt the girl’s. in wishing to help. 3. The words were out before he could check them. Now there was no way of. embarrassment. 4. His. at the championship was something he still had to get over. He remembered his trainer saying that it would never do to be too. of one’s success. 5. As it was, the man could produce no evidence in. of his accusation and agreed to withdraw it. 6. If you wish for my true opinion, I’m not very. on detective stories, they never seem to amount to much. 7. From long years of experience he had learned to.
nobody’s judgement in such matters but his own. 8. The young scientist. much of his success to the professor who had always. him whole-heartedlyin whatever he did. 9. He had certainly been most. in his intentions, but what actually came of his efforts is quite a different matter. 10. The students had met to. someone as their representative on the committee. 11.1 made another effort but it was hopeless. It looked as if the name had. my memory completely. 12. The doctor walked on, lost in thought, and it was several minutes before he became. of what was happening around. 13. My friend explained that the information had been given him in. and he just couldn’t see himself betraying the. put in him. 14. The young man’s manner clearly. his emotion. He was asking no. he said, he was demanding his rights. 15. people seldom have friends. 16. The boat was. against a heavy wind. 17. It was useless trying to.
the girl. Her mind was made up.

1. All the committee members voted in favour of the proposal.
2. There was no reason to doubt the girl’s sincerity in wishing to help.
3. The words were out before he could check them. Now there was no way of avoiding embarrassment.
4. His defeat at the championship was something he still had to get over. He remembered his trainer saying that it would never do to be too confident of one’s success.
5. As it was, the man could produce no evidence in support of his accusation and agreed to withdraw it.
6. If you wish for my true opinion, I’m not very keen on detective stories, they never seem to amount to much.
7. From long years of experience he had learned to trust nobody’s judgement in such matters but his own.
8. The young scientist owed much of his success to the professor who had always supported him whole-heartedly in whatever he did.
9. He had certainly been most sincere in his intentions, but what actually came of his efforts is quite a different matter.
10. The students had met to elect someone as their representative on the committee.
11. I made another effort but it was hopeless. It looked as if the name had escaped my memory completely.
12. The doctor walked on, lost in thought, and it was several minutes before he became aware of what was happening around.
13. My friend explained that the information had been given him in confidence and he just couldn’t see himself betraying the trust put in him.
14. The young man’s manner clearly betrayed his emotion. He was asking no favour, he said, he was demanding his rights.
15. Selfish people seldom have friends.
16. The boat was struggling against a heavy wind.
17. It was useless trying to influence the girl. Her mind was made up.

Task 1.
Match the beginnings of the sentences (1-10) with their endings (a-j).
1) Global warming means that
2) Heavy traffic and exhaust fumes
3) The emissions produced by factories
4) The pesticides used on crops in the countryside
5) Heavy rain and rising water levels in rivers
6) Most households produce large amounts of waste
7) The ozone layer
8) Large amounts of radiation
9) If you recycle things that have already been used
10) I prefer organic food because

a) pollute the air in most cities.
b) which is taken to landfill sites.
c) have caused serious flooding.
d) create acid rain which destroys crops.
e) the weather is becoming hotter and drier.
f) are dangerous to birds and other wildlife.
g) you process them so that they can be used again.
h) protects living things from the harmful radiation of the sun.
i) can cause illness and death.
j) it is produced without artificial chemicals or pesticides.

Task 2.
Complete these sentences with use(d) to + a suitable verb.
1) Dennis gave up smoking two years ago. He _______________________ 40 cigarettes a day.
2) Liz ______________________ a motorbike, but last year she sold it and bought a car.
3) We came to live in Manchester a few years ago. We ____________________ in Nottingham.
4) I rarely eat ice cream now but I ______________________ it when I was a child.

Task 3.
Complete the sentences with one of the following.
Are you getting used to-was used to-didn’t use to-have got used to-used to
1) I ___ work in a bank but I left and got a job as a gardener.
2) Since we had the baby I ___ not getting enough sleep.
3) How’s the new job? ___ it yet?
4) You ___ smoke! When did you start?
5) The noise was deafening but the driver ___ it.

Task 1
1) Global warming means that -e) the weather is becoming hotter and drier.
2) Heavy traffic and exhaust fumes - a) pollute the air in most cities.
3) The emissions produced by factories - f) are dangerous to birds and other wildlife.
4) The pesticides used on crops in the countryside - d) create acid rain which destroys crops.
5) Heavy rain and rising water levels in rivers - c) have caused serious flooding.
6) Most households produce large amounts of waste - b) which is taken to landfill sites.
7) The ozone layer - h) protects living things from the harmful radiation of the sun.
8) Large amounts of radiation - i) can cause illness and death.
9) If you recycle things that have already been used - g) you process them so that they can be used again.
10) I prefer organic food because - j) it is produced without artificial chemicals or pesticides.
Task 2
1) Dennis gave up smoking two years ago. He used to smoke 40 cigarettes a day.
2) Liz used to drive a motorbike, but last year she sold it and bought a car.
3) We came to live in Manchester a few years ago. We used to live in Nottingham.
4) I rarely eat ice cream now but I used to eat it when I was a child.
Task 3
1) I used to work in a bank but I left and got a job as a gardener.
2) Since we had the baby I was used to not getting enough sleep.
3) How’s the new job? Haven’t you got used to it yet?
4) You didn’t use to smoke! When did you start?
5) The noise was deafening but the driver was used it.


31) He stopped ______ and answer the phone.
to sing
singing
sing
sang
32) You are not __________ to apply for this job.
old enough
enough old
too old
too much old
33) Put down my phone number in case you _________ any questions.
have
will have
had
would have
34) I was really surprised when I came ____ my old diary.
across
through
in
into
35) ____________ it was a real challenge, we did it.
Moreover
If
Although
So
36) Has he ever _______ to London?
Введите ответ
37) Will you pay by credit card or in ________?
Введите ответ
38) Never _____, I’ll manage.
Введите ответ
39) In the future people will be _____ to speak any language fluently.
Введите ответ
40) I’ve got a job ________ from their company.
Введите ответ
41) If I had spoken to him, I ________ that mistake.
Введите ответ
42) ____________ to the survey, people prefer staying at home when it rains.
Введите ответ
43) This job is not as well-paid _________ that one.
Введите ответ
44) I don’t like tennis. It’s not my cup of _______.
Введите ответ
45) If you want to join, please fill ____ an application form.
Введите ответ
46) Hold ___ for a minute, Mr Black is on the other line.
Введите ответ
47) Although she lives so far now, we still keep in _____.
Введите ответ
48) I wish I _______ play the trumpet but I can’t.
Введите ответ
49) If you don’t complete a report tonight, we won’t _______ the deadline.
Введите ответ
50) By and _____ he is a calm person but that time he lost his temper.
Введите ответ
51) “Bob was jailed again!” “He’s got very respectable parents. Indeed, every family has a black ______ ”.
Введите ответ
52) I haven’t seen my uncle Bob ____ I was a child.
Введите ответ
53) I ________ to do yoga in the morning, but I have no time for it now.
Введите ответ
54) Unless you buy a new torch, the old one can also come in ____.
Введите ответ
55) We _______ out of petrol and got stuck on the highway at the middle of the night.

31) He stopped ______ and answer the phone.
to sing
singing
sing
sang
Неправильно. He stopped singing to answer the phone. Или He stopped singing and answered the phone.
32) You are not old enough to apply for this job.
old enough
enough old
too old
too much old
33) Put down my phone number in case you will have any questions.
have
will have
had
would have
34) I was really surprised when I came across my old diary.
across
through
in
into
35) Although it was a real challenge, we did it.
Moreover
If
Although
So
36) Has he ever been to London?
Введите ответ
37) Will you pay by credit card or in?   наверное не in. А by cash?
Введите ответ
38) Never mind, I’ll manage.
Введите ответ
39) In the future people will be able speak any language fluently. I wish, haha.
Введите ответ
40) I’ve got a job offer from their company.
Введите ответ
41) If I had spoken to him, I would not make that mistake.
Введите ответ
42) According to the survey, people prefer staying at home when it rains.
Введите ответ
43) This job is not as well-paid as that one.
Введите ответ
44) I don’t like tennis. It’s not my cup of tea.
Введите ответ
45) If you want to join, please fill in an application form.
Введите ответ
46) Hold on for a minute, Mr Black is on the other line.
Введите ответ
47) Although she lives so far now, we still keep in touch/contact.
Введите ответ
48) I wish I could play the trumpet but I can’t.
Введите ответ
49) If you don’t complete a report tonight, we won’t meet the deadline.
Введите ответ
50) By and _____ he is a calm person but that time he lost his temper. ЧИТО? By and ___ he is. Это как.
Введите ответ
51) “Bob was jailed again!” “He’s got very respectable parents. Indeed, every family has a black sheep ”. Что ли.
Введите ответ
52) I haven’t seen my uncle Bob since/when I was a child. Since скорее всего, но ведь он мог его встретить и в зрелом возрасте (бывает же ситуация).
Введите ответ
53) I am planning to do yoga in the morning, but I have no time for it now.
Введите ответ
54) Unless you buy a new torch, the old one can also come in handy.
Введите ответ
55) We run out of petrol and got stuck on the highway at the middle of the night.

напишите перевод текста и ответы к заданиям)1. Read the
text and do the below. A famous British doctor was once teaching a
class of medical students at St. Paul’s.
A man with injured leg was brought in. The doctor turned to once of the
students and asked him, “What’s wrong with this man?” “I don’t know, sir,” the student answered.
“Shall I examine him and find out?” “There is no need to examine him,” said the
doctor. “You should know without asking questions. The man has hurt his left
knee. Didn’t you notice the way he walked? He hurt it by burning it in the
fire. You see his trouser leg is burnt away at the knee. Today is Thursday
morning. Yesterday was fine, but on Tuesday night.” The doctor then turned to the man and said:
“You had your wages on Tuesday and went to a pub and drank too much. You got
wet and muddy on the way home. Because you had drunk too much, you fell on the
fire and burnt your knee. Is that right?” “Yes, sir,” said the man.
1) Complete
the sentence according to the text. The text is abouta an accident at a large hospital.b the way a famous doctor teachers his
students.c a famous doctor telling a funny story to his
students.d the way patients are examined.
2) Which
of the sentences is true?a One of the students asked the doctor what
was wrong with the man.b The man had gone to the pub and drank too
much. c The doctor did not allow the patient to ask
questions.d The man injured his leg on the way home.
3) Which of the sentences isn’t true?a When the
injured man was brought in, the doctor said there was no need to examine
him.b The doctor knew what was wrong with the man
without asking questions.c The man fell on the fire and hurt his left
knee.d The man fell did not try to dry his clothes
by the fire.
4) Choose the right answer.
What did the
injured man do on Thursday?a His knee hurt and he went to a large
hospital.b He had his wages and went to a pub.c He got wet on the way home.d He fell on the fire and hurt his knee.
5) Complete
the sentences according to the text.The doctor
said there was no need to examinea the studentsb the patientc the knee d the trouser leg.
The man
hurt his kneea on the way homeb because the roads were wetc when he was in the pubd trying to dry his clothes by the fire

1. Прочтите
текст и сделайте следующее. Известный британский врач когда-то преподавал
класс студентов-медиков в St. Paul’s.
Был привезен человек с поврежденной ногой. Врач повернулся к одному из
студенты и спросил его: «Что случилось с этим человеком?» «Не знаю, сэр, ответил студент.
«Должен ли я его осмотреть и узнать?» «Нет необходимости исследовать его», сказал
врач. «Вы должны знать, не задавая вопросов. Человек повредил левую
колено. Разве вы не заметили, как он шел? Он причинил ему боль, сжигая его в
Огонь. Вы видите, что его брючная ножка сожжена в колене. Сегодня четверг
утро. Вчера было хорошо, но во вторник вечером ». Затем доктор повернулся к мужчине и сказал:
«У вас была зарплата во вторник, и я пошел в паб и слишком много пил. Ты получил
мокрой и грязной по дороге домой. Поскольку вы слишком много выпили, вы упали на
огонь и сожгли ваше колено. Правильно? Да, сэр, сказал мужчина.
1) Полное
предложение в соответствии с текстом. Текст о несчастном случае на большой больнице. Как знаменитый врач учит его
students.c известный врач, рассказывающий забавную историю своему
students.d, как обследуются пациенты.
2) Какие
из предложений верно? Один из учеников спросил у врача, что
было не так с мужчиной. b Мужчина отправился в паб и тоже выпил
много. c Врач не позволил пациенту спросить
questions.d Мужчина повредил ногу по дороге домой.
3) Какое из предложений неверно? A Когда
раненых, врач сказал, что нет необходимости исследовать
him.b Доктор знал, что случилось с мужчиной
без вопросов. Мужчина упал на огонь и повредил его левый
knee.d Мужчина упал, не пытался высушить одежду
огнем.
4) Выберите правильный ответ.
Что сделал
раненый мужчина делает в четверг? Его колено больно, и он отправился в большой
hospital.b Он получил зарплату и пошел в паб. Он промокнул по дороге домой. Он упал на огонь и повредил колено.
5) полный
предложения в соответствии с текстом. Врач
сказал, что нет необходимости изучать учеников, чтобы пациент стоял на коленях ноги брюк.
Тот человек
повредил его колено по дороге домой, потому что дороги были влажными, когда он был в питомнике, пытаясь высушить одежду у огня.

Complete the sentences with the verbs in the box.
are allowed to can’t doesn’t have to
don’t have to have to is allowed to
must needs to
1 Helen stay at home today because she was in the
offi ce on Saturday.
2 Richard walk his dog now – his dad has already
done it.
3 I’m afraid you use a dictionary during the test.
Please put it back on the shelf.
4 I go now – my friends are waiting for me.
5 It was great to meet you, Alex. We do it more
often.
6 My sister is a student, but she still phone my
parents every day.
7 Ally and Mike be at home at 9 p.m. on Saturdays,
so they usually stay out until 10 or 11 p.m.
8 My younger brothers play video games for an
hour a day only, but they would like to do it more often.

1 Helen is allowed to stay at home today because she was in the office on Saturday.
2 Richard doesn’t have to  walk his dog now – his dad has already done it.
3 I’m afraid you can’t use a dictionary during the test.
Please put it back on the shelf.
4 I must go now – my friends are waiting for me.
5 It was great to meet you, Alex. We have to do it more often.
6 My sister is a student, but she still needs to phone my parents every day.
7 Ally and Mike don’t have to be at home at 9 p.m. on Saturdays, so they usually stay out until 10 or 11 p.m.
8 My younger brothers are allowed to play video games for an hour a day only, but they would like to do it more often.


Complete the sentences with a phrase with work in the appropriate form.
1. My mum decided not to. after she had had her. fi rst baby.
2. I dropped my mobile into a puddle of water and now it.
3. Most industries have closed down in this area, so many people are.
4. I quite like running or cycling to keep fit. But I hate. at the gym
5. I can’t. where that sound is coming from. Do you know?
6. Tom is. this week. He’s got the flu.
7. Let’s stop chatting and. We’ve got a lot to do.
8. I can’t really understand her. She needs to. her pronunciation.

Заполните предложения фразой с работой в соответствующей форме.
1. Моя мама решила не. После того, как она ее взяла. Первый ребенок. 2. Я бросил свой мобильный телефон в лужу с водой, а теперь. 3. Большинство отраслей промышленности закрылись в этой области, поэтому многие люди. 4. Мне очень нравится бегать или ездить на велосипеде, чтобы поддерживать форму. Но я ненавижу. В спортзале5. Я не могу. Откуда этот звук. Вы знаете?6. Том на этой неделе. У него грипп. 7. Давайте перестанем общаться и. У нас есть много дел. 8. Я не могу ее понять. Ей нужно. Произношение.