Переведите текст с русс. На англ
Один день не предвещало беды. Как вдруг, мы услышали, как в коридоре все засуетились и бежали туда сюда с испуганными лицами. Мы с тетей не понимали, что происходит. Когда мы узнали ответ на вопрос, нас бросило в дрожь. Оказывается, на пятом этаже сгорела квартира. И теперь огонь добирается до крыши. Все выбежали и тётя забрала документы и деньги. Первые две пожарные машины были с малым количеством воды и пришлось ждать третью. Два дня нам нужно было где то находиться, мы были на даче у тети. Я рассказала не совсем веселую историю, но со счастливым концом.

One day did not bode ill. Suddenly, we heard, as in the corridor, everyone started to fuss and fled there with frightened faces. My aunt and I did not understand what was happening. When we found out the answer to the question, we were shivered. It turns out that the apartment burnt down on the fifth floor. And now the fire is getting to the roof. All ran out and the aunt took the documents and money. The first two fire trucks were with a small amount of water and had to wait for a third. For two days we needed to be somewhere, we were at the cottage with my aunt. I did not tell a very funny story, but with a happy ending.

One day, no signs of trouble. Suddenly,we heard in the hallway all flustered and ran back and forth with frightened faces. My aunt and I didn’t know what was going on. When we found out the answer to the question, we threw in a shiver. It appears, on the fifth floor of a burned apartment. And now the fire gets to the roof. All ran out and my aunt took the documents and money. The first two fire engines were with a small amount of water and had to wait for the third. Two days we had somewhere to be,we were at the cottage with my aunt. I told not quite a funny story,but with a happy ending

((Give Pete’s answers to Jack’s questions.))
-Have you ever been to a foreigh country? What country have you been to?
-Whare and with whom were you there?
-How did you get there? Was it difficult to buy tickets?
-How long did it take you to get there?
-Did you take a lot of of luggage with you?
-Did you find a cheap or an expensive hotel?

             Перевод:
Вы когда-нибудь были в чужой стране? В какой стране вы были?
Где и с кем вы там были?
Как вы туда попали и было ли сложностью купить билеты?
Сколько времени вам понадобилось, чтобы туда добраться?
Взяли ль вы с собой много багажа?
Вы нашли дешёвый или дорогой отель?
Насчёт ответов. Не знаю как у тебя, но у меня вопросы отвечают так:

Yes.I was in the Germany.
I got ther by plane. And yes. it was difficoult tu buy tickets. they cost so expensive!
It took to me about 4 hours!
mU MUM sad that i can take with me only my clothes. but i took a lot of clothes!
We were at hotel.ARIGANDA HOTEL LUXE. It was so nice! I think it was expensive!

Переведите на русс яз For the next few weeks Emily just thought about Jack’s voice saying ’ Swim! Every morning before school,she swam. She wanted to win the race and beat Tina Dawson. One morning,Tina Dawson watched Emily swimming.Dawson watched Emily swimming. Dawson started talking to Jack Hastings. What’s her name? she asked.Emily James,Jack replied. She’s a good swimmer,she said. Yes,said Jack,she is. Excellent.So you must be a good trainer said Dawson. Well,I ’ Oh come on,said the former champion.I watch you,I watch her.She gets better every day.You’re the best.Jack looked at Tina Dawson. Do you want to make a lot of money? she continued. I mean,if you work with me. Jack decided that he didn’t like Dawson. I mean, work with me, not her. Now he really disliked Tina Dawson. You could make some money,she said,some real money.If I win this race,I’ll get £50,000. I’m sorry Miss Dawson, Jack said,moving away from her.I’m training Emily, money or no money. Jack walked away from Dawson and towatds Emily,who was just finishing her swim.Dawson looked at them. She wasn’t smiling. She was angry now. Well,there are other ways,Dawson thought,of stopping Emily James!
И ещё ответьте на эти вопросы по тексту
1Why did Tina Dawson notice Emily?
2What did Dawson offer Jack? Why?
3 Did Jack accept her offer? Why not?

Протягом наступних кількох тижнів Емілі тільки подумав про голос Джека, який сказав: «Плавай! Кожного ранку перед школою вона плавала. Вона хотіла виграти гонку і побити Тіну Доусон. Одного ранку Тіна Доусон спостерігала за плаванням Емілі. Доусон спостерігав за плаванням Емілі. Доусон почав розмовляти з Джеком Гастінгсом. Як її звати? Запитала вона. Емілі Джеймс, Джек відповів. Вона хороша плавець, сказала вона. Так, сказав Джек, вона є. Відмінно. Так що ви повинні бути хорошим тренером, сказав Доусон. Ну, я, о, давай, сказав колишній чемпіон. Я бачу тебе, я дивлюсь на неї. Він краще кожного дня. Ви найкращі. Джек подивився на Тіну Доусон. Ви хочете заробити багато грошей? Вона продовжувала. Я маю на увазі, якщо ви працюєте зі мною. Джек вирішив, що йому не подобається Доусон. Я маю на увазі, працюйте зі мною, а не з нею. Тепер він дуже не любив Тіну Доусон. Ви можете заробити трохи грошей, сказала вона, деякі реальні гроші. Якщо я виграю цю гонку, то отримаю 50 000 фунтів стерлінгів. Мені шкода мисс Доусон, Джек сказав, відійшовши від неї. Я навчаю Емілі, грошей чи грошей немає. Джек пішов далеко від Доусона і попрямував до Емілі, яка просто закінчила плавання. Доусон подивився на них. Вона не посміхалася. Вона зараз злилася. Ну, існують інші способи, думав Доусон, про зупинку Емілі Джеймса!
І ще ласка, відповідайте на ці питання по тексту
1Что Тіна Доусон зауважила Емілі?
2Що запропонував Доусон Джек? Чому?
3 Чи Джек прийняв її пропозицію? Чому ні?

Прочитайте и переведите текст на русский язык. Ответьте на вопросы после текста.
USA AGRICULTURE(1)
Nearly 400 years ago European colonists came to America. The colonists began to settle. They cleared the land and transformed forests into croplands and pastures. The settlers lived in a group of houses around a central field. Here grazed the village cattle.
In 1862 the government gave land away free. A settler had to clear it, build a house and live there for at least five years. There appeared family farms. Over time, farming methods and farming areas increased. Today the average farm in the USA comprises 187 ha (462 acres). American farms became more efficient. Many farms adopted new technologies. Computers helped them to improve productivity and cut costs. In the 1990s American farmers invested more than $ 400 billion in land, livestock, buildings and equipment. American consumers pay less for their food than the people of many other industrial countries. By the mid-1970s a single farmer could grow enough food to feed himself, 45 other Americans and 8 foreigners.
Most of the farms in the USA are family farms. Only 3 percent of them are led by corporations that are owned by families. People who have small pieces of land cannot invest in the modern equipment. Often they sell their land to other farmers. There are tenant farmers who rent this land for cash or give the owner a part of the crops they grow. Owners of large farms hire seasonal workers. Many of these seasonal workers travel from farm to farm. They stay only for the period of picking crops. They are known as migrant workers. The USA is divided into six main regions.
The Northeast region does not have large areas of good land. But you can find dairy and poultry farms in several areas. Maine is famous for potatoes
The Great Lakes region is also an important area for farming. Corn, wheat and dairy products are the most important agricultural items. Farmers often rotate soybeans — that is, planting corn in a field one year and soybeans the next. The region has enough rainfall, which is very important for hay, grown to feed dairy cattle. Wisconsin is the most important dairy state in the region.
1.When did the European colonists come to America?
2.How did the settlers live?
3.When and how did family farm appear?
4.How do American farmer improve productivity?
5.What kind of farm are the most typical in the USA?

Сельское хозяйство в США. Почти 400 лет назад европейские колонисты прибыли в Америку. Колонисты начали селиться. Они очистили землю и превратили леса в пахотные земли и пастбища. Поселенцы жили в группе домов вокруг центрального поля. Здесь пасли деревенский скот. В 1862 году правительство раздавало землю даром. Поселенец должен был очистить ее, построить дом и жить там не менее пяти лет. Появились семейные фермы. Со временем методы ведения сельского хозяйства и сельскохозяйственные угодья увеличились. Сегодня средняя ферма в США составляет 187 га (462 акров). Американские фермы стали более эффективными. Многие фермы внедрили новые технологии. Компьютеры помогли им повысить производительность и сократить расходы. В 1990-х годах американские фермеры инвестировали более 400 миллиардов долларов в землю, домашний скот, здания и оборудование. Американские потребители платят меньше за свою пищу, чем люди в многих других индустриальных странах. К середине 1970-х один фермер мог выращивать достаточно еды, чтобы прокормить себя, 45 других американцев и 8 иностранцев. Большинство ферм в США являются семейными фермами. Только 3 процента из них возглавляются корпорациями, принадлежащими семьям. Люди, которые имеют небольшие участки земли, не могут инвестировать в современное оборудование. Часто они продают свою землю другим фермерам. Есть арендаторы, которые арендуют эту землю за деньги или дают владельцу часть выращиваемых культур. Владельцы крупных ферм нанимают сезонных рабочих. Многие из этих сезонных рабочих путешествуют с фермы на ферму. Они остаются только на период сбора урожая. Они известны как рабочие-мигранты. США разделены на шесть основных регионов. Северо-восточный регион не имеет больших площадей хорошей земли. Но вы можете найти молочные и птицефабрики в нескольких районах. Мэн знаменит картофелем. Район Великих озер также является важной областью для сельского хозяйства. Кукуруза, пшеница и молочные продукты являются наиболее важными сельскохозяйственными товарами. Фермеры часто чередуют соевые бобы, то есть высаживают кукурузу в поле один год и соевые бобы следующим образом. В регионе достаточно осадков, что очень важно для сена, выращенного для корма молочного скота. Висконсин является самым важным производителем молока в регионе. 1. Когда европейские колонисты прибыли в Америку?2. Как жили поселенцы?3. Когда и как появилась семейная ферма?4. Как американский фермер повышает производительность?5. Какой тип фермы наиболее типичен в США?

Напишите мини-сочинение по этим вопросам. Нужно как бы ответить и соединить в один обший контекст, что бы как сочинение было. Надо. Умоляяю
Do you have any problems with pocket money? What do you spend it on?
2) What other problems do you have? Which is the worst of them?
3. Do your parents always understand and support wou? How much time do you spend together?
4. How important are your friends for you? What do you usually do together? What do you talk about?
5. Are you a member of any young peoples organization? Why? Why not?
6. Can you say that being a teen (a teenager ) is easy? What is the best time in a persons life? Why?

1) No,I spend MYy pocket money on sweets and presents for my relatives and friends when they have a birthday.

2)frankly speaking I have some problems with Maths lesson and with my little brother he is so crazy.i think the worst problem is my crazy brother but I believe when he will grow up he will change.

3)I think I have good relationships with my parents of course sometimes we quarrel, they want that I will grow up so clever like they are.My parents and I spend together all holidays and weekends.

4)I think my friends is the second family for me, they always support and a understand me, like my parents.we walk together, go skating,skiing, roller-blading and doing some other crazy things.

We usually talk about different news,situations and share our experience.

5)think fined it very boring for me.

6)I think teenagers make their problems by theirselves. IN fact their life is much easier than life of adult and we must to cherish our teenage age

Нужно составить 6 вопросов (с ответами) по английскому основываясь на данном тексте:
Mineralogy is the identification of minerals and the suady study properties, origin, and classification. The properties of minerals are studied under the convenient subdivisions of chemical mineralogy, physical mineralogy, and crystallography. The properties and classification of individ minerals, their localities and modes of occurrence, and their uses are studied under descriptive mineralogy. Identification according to chemical, physical, and crystallographic properties is called determinative mineralogy.
Chemical mineralogy. Chemical composition is the most importan property for identifying minerals and distinguishing them from one another. Mineral analysis is carried out according to standard qualitative and quantitative methods of chemical analysis. Minerals are classified on the basis of chemical composition and crystal symmetry. The chemical constituents of minerals may also be determined by electron-beam microprobe analysis.
The various classes of chemical compounds that include a majority of minerals are as follows: (1) elements, such as gold, graphite, diamond, and sulfur, that occur in the native state, that is, in an uncombined form: (2) students, which are minerals composed of various metals combined with sulfur. Many important ore minerals, such as galena and sphalerile, are in this class: (3) sulfo salts, minerals composed of lead, copper, or silver in combination With sulfur and one or more of the following: antimony, arsenic, and bismuth (4) orides, minerals composed of a metal in combination with oxygen, such as hematite. Mineral oxides that contain water, such as diaspore, or the bydroxyl such as bog iron ore, Feo(oH), also belong to this group; (5) (OF) group, halides, composed of metals in combination with chlorine, fluorine, bromine, or iodine; halite, Naci, is the most common mineral of this class; (6) carbonates, minerals such as calcite, containing a carbonate group G) phosphates, minerals such as apatite, Ca5(F,Cl)(PO4)3, that contain a phosphate group; (8) sulfates, minerals such as barite, Baso4, containing a sulfate group; and (9) silicates, the largest class of minerals, containing various elements in combination with silicon and oxygen, often with complex chemical structure, and minerals composed solely of silicon and oxygen (silica). The silicates include the minerals comprising the feldspar, mica, pyroxene, quartz, and zeolite and amphibole families.
Physical mineralogy. The physical properties of minerals important aids in ing and characterizing them. Most of the physical properties can be recognized at sight or determined by simple tests. The most important properties include powder (streak), color, cleavage, fracture, hardness, luster specific gravity, and nuorescence or phosphorescence.
Crystallography. The majority of minerals occur in crystal form when conditions of formation are favorable. Crystallography is the study of the growth, shape, and geometric character of crystals. The amangement of atoms within a crystal is determined by X-ray diffraction analysis. Crystal chemistry is the study of the relationship of chemical composition, arrangement of atoms and the binding forces among atoms This relationship determines minerals chemical and physical properties. Crystals are grouped into six main classes of symmetry: isometric, hexagonal, tetragonal, orthorhombic, monoclinic, and triclinic.

1)What are minerals?
1)Mineralogy is the identification of minerals and the suady study  properties, origin, and classification.
2)How do you study the properties of minerals?
2)The properties of minerals are studied  under the convenient subdivisions of chemical mineralogy, physical  mineralogy, and crystallography. 
3)What are the classes of chemical compounds?
3)The various classes of chemical compounds that include a majority of minerals are as follows: (1) elements, such as gold, graphite, diamond, and sulfur, that occur in the native state, that is, in an uncombined form: (2) students,  which are minerals composed of various metals combined with sulfur.                                                                                        
4)Where are most of the physical properties defined?
4) Most of the physical properties can be recognized at sight or determined by simple tests.
5)Which includes the most important properties?
5)The most important properties include powder (streak), color, cleavage, fracture, hardness, luster specific gravity, and nuorescence or phosphorescence. 
6)Where are the crystals?
6)The majority of minerals occur in crystal form when conditions of formation are favorable. 

16. Ответьте на вопросы, используя информацию текста. 1. What are the three types of printers? 2. What is a letter-quality printer? 3. What is a dot-matrix printer? 4. What type of printer is the most common with microcomputer systems? 5. What is the most common printer type used on large com­puter systems? 6. What is an impact printer? Give an example. 7. What is a nonimpact printer? Give examples. 8. What are the most widely used printers? 9. How do you distinguish between a letter-quality printer and a dot-matrix printer? 10. Which of these printers is slower? 11. What types of character printers do you know? 12. How are printed characters formed by means of an ink-jet printer? 13. What are the main types of a line print­er? Which of them is faster? 14. What techniques are used in the operation of page printers?

1) There are three types of printers, such as character printers, line printers and page printers.
2)A letter-
quality printer is a character printer which produces output of
typewriter quality.
3) A dot-matrix printer, is is a printer, that forms each character as a pattern of dots.
4) Character printers
5) Line printer
6)Impact printers are electromechanical machines used for high-
volume paper output on most computer systems. Their printing speeds are such that to an observer they appear to be printing a line at a time.
7) A non impact printer is a page printer, their printing rates are so high that output appears to emerge from the
printer a page at a time.
8) line and character printers
9) a dot matrix printer forms every character out of dots, but a letter quality has a typewriter quality
10) letter quality
11) -
12) -
13) Drum printers and chain printers.
14) They use electrophotographic techniques.

Есть 4 небольших текста, к каждому нужно составить по 2 вопроса - ответа.
1. What tradition is popular among the students at Cambridge?
In two weeks I shall finish my first year at Cambridge. Let me tell you something about students’ life and my impressions of it. The students are mainly English, but there are many others, particularly so in the block of rooms in which I live, for my neighbours include a Chinese studying law, an Indian studying English, a Canadian studying history and a Frenchman studying science. The rooms have a pleasant outlook over the College gardens. There is a very small gas-stove on which we make coffee or tea. It is a popular tradition here to invite friends in the afternoon for tea and hot buttered toast and jam. To each room there is a man-servant who with a woman-servant, known as a "bedder", keep it clean.
2. What are students "sconced" (штрафоваться) for?
In the old days when Colleges were religious institutions the students were clergymen (священник), and their life was much more strict and disciplined man now. Friendship with young ladies was not allowed and the only women inside the college were washerwomen. The legend is that these had to be ’’old and ugly’’ (уродливые).
The students eat their meals in the College dining-hall At some Colleges there is an interesting tradition. It is known as "sconcing". If a student comes late to dinner or he is not correctly dressed, or if he breaks one of the laws (закон) of behaviour, then the senior student orders him to be "sconced".A large silver cup, known as "sconce cup", filled with beer is brought and placed in front of him and he must drink it in one attempt without taking the cup from his lips (it holds two and a half pints, or 1.5 litres). If he can do it, then the senior student pays for it, if not, the cup is passed round and the student who has been "sconced" must pay for it. In general the discipline is not strict.
3. What do the so-called "Bulldogs" do if a student whom they come up to runs away?
The students can stay out till twelve o’clock. Each evening a Proctor with two assistants, called "Bulldogs", walks about the town keeping an eye on the students’ behaviour. If he sees a student breaking a rule he will come up to him and say, "Are you a member of the University, sir?", and if a student runs away, then the "Bulldogs" run after him, and if they catch him (they are chosen, it is said, because they are good runners), fine (штрафовать) him.Apart from fines a student may be dismissed (исключать) from the University for one term.
4.What students’ societies are there at Cambridge and which is the most popular one?
We attend our lectures in the morning and in the afternoon we are free. I usually work in my room or play some sport. The most popular sport is rowing.
There are over a hundred societies and clubs. There are religious societies and a society for those who don’t believe, political, sporting and dramatic societies. There is even one for people with beards. Perhaps the most popular is the Debating Society at which students debate political and other questions with famous politicians and writers.The walks into the country, the talks, the games and the work, the traditions and the customs — all are part of the students’ life which would be poorer if any of them was lost.

1
When will you finish your first year at Cambridge?
In two weeks I shall finish my first year at Cambridge.
Are the students only English?
The students are mainly English, but there are many others.
2
What is an interesting tradition there?
It is known as "sconcing".
Who orders a student to be "sconced"?
The senior student orders him to be "sconced".
3
How long can the students stay out?
The students can stay out till twelve o’clock.
May a student be dismissed from the University for one term or two terms?
A student may be dismissed from the University for one term.
4
When do you attend your lectures?
We attend our lectures in the morning.
What is the most popular sport?
The most popular sport is rowing.

Man has never been satisfied with simply talking. For some reason he has always considered his words and ideas to be so important that he has for­ever tried to find ways of recording them on paper. Just as man has developed so many systems of writ­ing, so he has also developed various tools with which to write.
One of the first instruments developed by man for writing was the stylus. This was a sharp instrument made of bone or metal and with it the writer could scratch his message onto stone or wood. It was used for thousands of years and was very practical: it could also be used as a weapon. Julius Caesar was killed with one in 44 BC.
The ideas of a pen and ink were developed by the Egyptians. Their version of the pen was made from bamboo. They sharpened one end of the stem to make a nib; that is the point with which you actually write. They then filled the hollow part of the stem with ink and squeezed it to force the ink onto the nib. It was a good idea but, as you can imagine, when paper was later introduced, a much finer instrument was needed.


The problem was solved with the introduction of the quill pen. The quill is one of the large feathers on the wing or tail of a swan or goose. The quill also gave us the word "pen". You see, feather in Latin is "penna". However, because this pen was in fact a feather, it had to be sharpened quite often and so a special instrument was made for this purpose - the penknife.
The quill was used from the 6th to the 18th centu­ries, and then in the 19th century a machine was in­vented which successfully made a nib out of metal and this could then be fitted into a holder and dipped into a bottle of ink. Finally, in 1884, a young Ameri­can, Lewis Waterman, found a way of putting the ink into the holder and the fountain pen as we know it was completed.
Although the fountain pen was very popular, a new kind of pen was introduced just before the Second World War, which became more popular. This was the ball pen or as a lot of people calls it, the biro. It was developed by a Hungarian living in Argentina whose name was, interestingly enough, Joseph Biro.

1. How long has man been interested in writing?
a. It’s a recent development.
b. For thousands of years.
c. It started when he discovered the quill pen.
d. As soon as he learnt how to make paper.
2. The quill pen was better than the stylus because the people could
a. kill their enemies with it.
b. force the ink through onto the nib.
c. write more finely on paper.


d. make clear signs on wood or stone.
3. The penknife was first used to
a. cut bamboo.
b. keep the end of the quill sharp.
c. cut feathers off a goose.
d. cut the tail off a swan.
4. What were the advantages of a nib made from metal?
a. You didn’t need a penknife any more.
b. The pens couldn’t be filled with ink.
c. You couldn’t use bottles of ink more easily,
d. It made the pen much lighter.
Answer the following questions with a phrase or a sentence.
5. How did Julius Caesar die?
6. Who made the very first version of the fountain pen?
7. What were the disadvantages of the quill pen?
8. Where does the word biro come from?
Помогииииттееееее! Перевод и ответ к вопросам по тексту

Человек никогда не был доволен просто разговором. По какой-то причине он всегда считал, что его слова и идеи так важны, что он навсегда пытался найти способы записи их на бумаге. Так же, как человек разработал так много систем написания, поэтому он также разработал различные инструменты для написания.
Одним из первых инструментов, разработанных человеком для письма, был стилус. Это был острый инструмент из кости или металла, и вместе с ним писатель мог поцарапать свое сообщение на камне или дереве. Он использовался в течение тысяч лет и был очень практичным: его также можно было использовать в качестве оружия. Юлий Цезарь был убит одним из 44 до н. Э.
Идеи ручки и чернил были разработаны египтянами. Их версия пера была сделана из бамбука. Они затачивали один конец стебля, чтобы сделать наконечник; это точка, с которой вы на самом деле пишете. Затем они заполнили пустую часть стебля чернилами и сжимали его, чтобы нанести чернила на наконечник. Это была хорошая идея, но, как вы можете себе представить, когда была введена бумага, понадобился гораздо более тонкий инструмент.
Проблема была решена с введением пера. Перо является одним из больших перьев на крыле или хвосте лебедя или гуся. Перо также дал нам слово «перо». Понимаете, перо на латыни - «пенна». Однако, поскольку это перо было на самом деле пером, его нужно было затачивать довольно часто, поэтому для этой цели был создан специальный инструмент - перочинный нож.
Перо использовалось с 6 по 18 века, а затем в 19 веке была изобретена машина, которая успешно изготовила нить из металла, и затем ее можно было установить в держатель и окунуть в бутылку чернил. Наконец, в 1884 году молодой американец Льюис Уотерман нашел способ поместить чернила в держатель и перьевую ручку, поскольку мы знаем, что она была закончена.
Хотя авторучка была очень популярна, новый тип ручки был введен непосредственно перед Второй мировой войной, которая стала более популярной. Это была ручка с шариком или, как ее называют многие, биро. Он был разработан венгром, проживающим в Аргентине, чье имя было, как ни странно, Джозефом Биро.

нужно ответить на вопросы по тексту:GREAT BRITAIN. The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland isHowituated on the British Isles. It consists of four parts: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. England, Wales and Scotland occupy the territory of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated in the northern part of Ireland. The territory of the United Kingdom is about 244000 square kilometres. The popu­lation is over 56 million people. The capital of the Unit­ed Kingdom is London. The surface of the United Kingdom varies greatly. The northern and the western parts of the country are mountainous and are called the Highlands. All the rest is a vast plain which is called the Lowlands. The mountains are not very high. The rivers are not very long. The most important of them are the Severn and the Thames. There are many beautiful lakes in the mountainous part of the country. The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm wa­ters of the Gulf Stream influence the climate of Great Britain. It is mild the whole year round. Winters are not cold and summers are not hot. Great Britain is a highly developed industrial coun­try. It is known as one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of iron and steel products, machinery and electronics, chemicals and textile. One of the industries is shipbuilding. Great Britain is a country with old cultural traditions and customs. The most famous educational centres are Oxford and Cambridge universities. They are considered to be the intellectual centres of Europe. The education is not free, it is very expensive. The United Kingdom is a monarchy and the Queen is the head of the state. But in practice it is ruled by the government with the Prime Minister at the head. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons. There are three main political parties in Great Brit­ain: the Labour party, the Conservative party arid the Liberal party. ВОПРОСЫ:1. What is the official name of Great Britain? 2. How many parts does Great Britain consist of? What are they? 3. What are their capitals? 4. How many people live in the UK? 5.What is the official language of the country?

ВЕЛИКА БРИТАНІЯ. Сполучене Королівство Великобританії та Північної Ірландії є на Британських островах. Він складається з чотирьох частин: Англії, Уельсу, Шотландії та Північної Ірландії. Англія, Уельс і Шотландія займають територію Великобританії, а Північна Ірландія - у північній частині Ірландії. Територія Сполученого Королівства становить близько 244000 квадратних кілометрів. Населення становить понад 56 мільйонів чоловік. Столиця Великобританії - Лондон. Поверхня Сполученого Королівства сильно відрізняється. Північна та західна частини країни є гірськими і називаються високогір’ями. Все інше - величезна рівнина, яка називається низовинами. Гори не дуже високі. Річки не дуже довго. Найбільш важливими з них є Северн і Темза. У гірській частині країни багато красивих озер. Гори, Атлантичний океан і теплі води Гольфстріму впливають на клімат Великої Британії. Це м’який цілий рік. Зима не холодна, а літо не спекотно. Велика Британія - це високорозвинена промислова країна. Він відомий як один з найбільших у світі виробників та експортерів виробів з чорної металургії, машин та електроніки, хімічних речовин та текстилю. Однією з галузей промисловості є суднобудування. Велика Британія - це країна зі старими культурними традиціями та звичаями. Найвідомішими освітніми центрами є університети Оксфорда та Кембриджа. Вони вважаються інтелектуальними центрами Європи. Освіта не безкоштовна, це дуже дорого. Об’єднане Королівство є монархією, а королева - главою держави. Але на практиці це керується урядом з головним прем’єр-міністром. Британський парламент складається з двох палат: Палати лордів і Палати громад. У Великій Британії є три основні політичні партії: Лейбористська партія, Консервативна партія, а також Ліберальна партія. ПРОПОЗИЦІЇ: 1. Яка офіційна назва Великобританії? 2. Скільки частин складається Велика Британія? Хто вони? 3. Які їхні столиці? 4. Скільки людей живе у Великобританії? 5. Яка офіційна мова країни?